Caistor Diary 1500 to 1650

1521    Vicar    Robert Luke

1534     Act of Supremacy

1536    1st October – The Lincolnshire Rising.   Rev. Thomas Kendall mentions at church service in Louth that the Commissioners appointed by Thomas Cromwell were at Caistor to begin their assessment of the quality of the local clergy. The people disliked Henry VIII’s policies, including the dissolution of the monasteries, and feared that the king was planning to rob the church wealth. A large force of rebels marched north and gathered on Caistor hill. A group of local gentry had met at Caistor Moor and were preparing to disperse when they were intercepted and forced to join the rebels and return to Louth where Sir Edward Maddison of Fonaby was chosen to deliver a letter outlining the grievances and to beg the King’s pardon. The rebel force marched to Lincoln where they believed the king would listen to their demands, but they were disappointed The Duke of Suffolk has already been dispatched with an army to deal with the uprising but by the time he arrived they had dispersed. However the movement, known at the Pilgrimage of Grace, developed further north and was quickly and brutally quelled.

1539 and 1545 “The town itself, within the remains of the Roman Walls, was up to the 18th century, in the words of the 16th century traveler John Leland, thatched and in the memory of man often burnt with fire..” Caistor: An Historic Introduction, Ian Beckwith, Bishop Grossetesste College, Lincoln

1541 King Henry VIII stayed at Fonaby on his way through Lincolnshire

1557    Vicar Thomas ????????

1558    Sir Francis Ayscough of South Kelsey marries widow, Elizabeth, Lady

Dalyson, taking over the title of Lord of the Manor of Caistor

1561 To the Editor Of Old’ Lincolnshire”. Sir,—In reading the List of Freeholders of the County of Lincoln in 1561″,. I see on page 143, Wapentak & de Yarbroughe, line 5, ” Willm. Trusedale de- Undon ( ? Ulceby), gem.” Would not ” Undott” be rather Hundon, a hamlet in the parish of Caistor, and lying between Fonaby (which in the list is the name above Undon) and Caistor ? Yours, &c;, Wm. Richardson. Limber Magna, Ulceby, July 19th. 1883

1570    Vicar    Robert ????

 1590    Another wave of Black Death sweeps the country.”It was thought that there was going to be a recurrence of the terrible plague of two centuries previous. A devasting pestilence, resulting in many deaths, swept the whole of Lincolnshire. Caistor was involved though again her death toll was light in comparison with other towns and villages. However, the Church register records well over 30 deaths, which was uncommonly large for the town.” Parish Magazine

Plague trebled the death rate. Caistor: An Historic Introduction, Ian Beckwith, Bishop Grossetesste College, Lincoln

“In 1590 it was thought that there was going to be a recurrence of the terrible plague of two centuries previous. A devastating pestilence, resulting in many deaths, swept the whole of Lincolnshire. Caistor was involved, though again her death-roll was light in comparison with other towns and villages. But the Church Register records well over 30 deaths, which was uncommonly large for our town. I note the following among the deceased for that year, and I wonder if any of them are ancestors of any present residents of the same name, for these are long established Caistor names, viz. :- George Wood, Thomas Johnson, John Parker, William Parker, Helen Briant, Elizabeth Wood, John Coats, Jabel Dixson. Caistor Parish Magazine May 1951

C 1600 “An echo of this [The Lincolnshire Rising] was heard … when a paper was circulated in Caistor which appeared to be fomenting resistance to enclosures and conversion of arable land to sheep pastures. The population seems to have been quite lowly in status, the Herald’s Visitation of 1634 only discovering one person of gentle rank in Caistor! Thus such papers may have made some appeal to poor people.” Caistor: An Historic Introduction, Ian Beckwith, Bishop Grossetesste College, Lincoln

1603 “..the town contained 406 communicants (with Clixby and Holton) suggesting a population of 600.” Caistor: An Historic Introduction, Ian Beckwith, Bishop Grossetesste College, Lincoln

1607 Scarce six miles from hence, more within the country, there sheweth it selfe an ancient Castle, which at this day is called Castor, in the old English Saxons tongue Thuang-caster and Thong-caster, in British Caer Egarry. In both languages it is aptly named so of the thing, to wit, of an hide cut into peaces, like as Byrsa, that Castle or Citadell of the Carthaginians so well knowen. For our Annales record that Hengist the Saxon, after he had vanquished the Picts and Scots and received very large possessions in other places, obtained also in this tract of Vortigern so much ground as he could compasse round about with an oxe hide cut out into very smal laners, that we call Thongs, wherin he founded and built this castle. Whence it is that one who hath written in verse a Breviarie of the British Historie turned Virgils verses in this maner:

  • And ground he tooke, which Thong he cal’ d when he did first begin,
    As much as he a bull hide cut could well enclose within.

Camden, Wm, 1607, Britannia

1625    Charles I becomes king

1630    Caistor Grammar School founded by Francis Rawlinson, rector of South Kelsey and later with endowments by William Hansard. Trustees Sir Edward Ayscough of South Kelsey and William Hansard of Buslingthorpe. There was a boarding house and the management was invested in a Board of Governors.

1636 – 1768 (Approx.) “Swan” or “Black Swan” inn mentioned in a lease at Thoreway possibly on the site of Holly House in the High Street.

1641 /2 Protestation Returns for Lincolnshire CASTER [CAISTOR] Wee the minister of Caster: Godfrey Carrington, clerke. John Spetch, and Christopher Pickwell, Churchwardens there, Thomas Mussendine and Symon Bell overseers. Martin Harre and George Frankish Constables have taken the protestation before Sir Wm. Pellham Kt. att Caster Martij 11 1641 and I Godfrey Carrington vicar thee, have given it to my parishioners whose names are here underwritten none refusing.

Alexander Emerson Esq; Raphe Power gent; Xpofer Hawley gent; Christoph: Smyth; Symon Bell; Franc: Wickham; Geo: Wenchley; Franc: Lambe; Xpofer Wright; Wm Barnard; Wm Bell; Joh Ellinworth; Wm Dallie; Nic: Grantham; Thom: Bradley; Xpofer Dracots; Gregory Bradshaw; Humph Spenceley; Robt Ormsby; Nic: Elston; Hugh Hydes; Symon Croshill; Joh: Farmery; Joh: Tweed; ; Wm Scott; Joh: Ostler; ; Wm Hardy; Charles Cockerell; Thom: Ormsby; Thom. Dracots; Geor: Cooling; Robt Colham; Robt Preston; Robt Watham; Wm Rockliffe ; John Bird; Henr Greeneway; Will: Seareby; John Brocklsbie; Geo: Preston; John Abie; Anthony Parker; Joh: Brocklsbie senr; Allan Chambers; Thom: Croshill; Allan Ewerbie; Geo: Dalywater; Marke Keelebeck; John Maudsley; Edw: Upsall; Wm Smyth gent; Geo: Swallow; Phillip Dracots; Thom: Ashton; Thom. Robinson; Rich. Harrison; Roger Bend; Robt Luddington; Joh: Dracots; Wm Dent; John Upsall; John Atkinson; Tho: Mauton; Robt Ayre; John Browne; Edw: Maddison; Robt Taylor; Christoph: Browne; Henry Vance; Thom: Bowles; John Howsam; John Grantham; Rich: Atkinson; Geo: Smyth; Robt Preston senr; James Fryar; Robt Hudson; Wm Bloe; Tho: Greeneway; Rich: Hilton; Wm Knight; Rich: Berry; Barthol: Crosbie; Wm Fendowne; John Elston; Broxholme Pennill; Edw: Maudsley; Xpofer Pickwell; Wm Barnard; Ralphe Tompson; John Lord; Peeter Dracots; Thom Canty; Wm Rogers; Stephen Trew; James Nipe; Edw: Blowe; Ralphe Miller; Henr: Wright; Wm Wright; Augustine Groves; John Rockliffe junr; Wm Penystone; Edw: Surflett; Thom: Hall; Wm Cockerell; Geo: Pickwell; Geo: Tomlinson; John Setwell; Rich: Wright; Thom: Wilson; Barn: Purrill; Wm Blackburne; Jeffery Harriott; Thom: Ormsby junr; John Tweed junr; Robt Mason; Achilles Bewis; Vincent Roberts; Edmund Chapman; Thom: Greene; John Smyth; Rich: Hill; Wm Culley; Wm Simpson; Wm Ashbie; John Baldwin; Mathew Marris; Timoth Welfitt gent; Wm Barker; Geo: English; Thom: Luddington; Henr: Culley; Robt Bewis; Hugh Whelpdale; Wm Osburne; Paull Stevenson; Marke Brocklsbie; Paull Sfison or Sisison (?); John Cockerell; Edward Bradshaw; Henr: Hooke dr Divin:; Anthony Smyth gent; Thom: Atkinson; Wm Robson; James Clarke; Wm Sparks; Wm Bend; Robt Hudson; Roger Lockington; Edw: Tharold Clerk; Martin Harre; John Gorbutt; Thom: Greeneway junr; David Sansum; John Barnard gent; Wm Farmery; Clifford Farmery; Francis Mumbey; John Waterson; John Boynton; Rich: Colbeck; Wm Gilead; John Vessey; Rich: Hanson; John Rockliffe sen; Henry Rastall; Daniell Rockliffe; Thom: Pomphrett; John Johnson; John Gregson; David Richardson; Robert Gorbutt; Thom: Dixon senr; Theodore Markham gent; Thomas Dixon junr; Phillip Croskill; John Page;; Godfrey Carrington vicar ibid; Thomas MussCLIXBY

Wee whose names are here underwritten the Minister & Officers of Clixby have taken the Protestation before Sr William Pelham Kt the 11th of March 1641 and I George Cockdale the Minister there have given it to my Parishoners whose names also are here underwritten. George Cockdale Curate ibid

Simon Thompson; John Nightscales; William Davy Overseer; John Michael Constable; Clement Shearwood; Richard Barnard; John Shearwood; Francis Boswell; Henery Greene; Thomas Barkwith; Thomas Bennitt; Christopher Davy; Edward Harrison; Thomas Neale; Edward Drury; Silvester Forman; Robert Routh; Thomas Dickinson; John Dickinson; William Hardy; Robert Davy

I went twice to the house of Mr Fitzwilliams to give him the Protestation, but his servants told me that he was gone from home; George Mackines and Charles Walker have refused to take it, saying it is against their profession & conscience.

Ita testor George Cockdale, Curat de Clixby overseers churchward

Constable

CLIXBY

Wee whose names are here underwritten the Minister & Officers of Clixby have taken the Protestation before Sr William Pelham Kt the 11th of March 1641 and I George Cockdale the Minister there have given it to my Parishoners whose names also are here underwritten. George Cockdale Curate ibid

Simon Thompson; John Nightscales; William Davy Overseer; John Michael Constable; Clement Shearwood; Richard Barnard; John Shearwood; Francis Boswell; Henery Greene; Thomas Barkwith; Thomas Bennitt; Christopher Davy; Edward Harrison; Thomas Neale; Edward Drury; Silvester Forman; Robert Routh; Thomas Dickinson; John Dickinson; William Hardy; Robert Davy

I went twice to the house of Mr Fitzwilliams to give him the Protestation, but his servants told me that he was gone from home; George Mackines and Charles Walker have refused to take it, saying it is against their profession & conscience.

Ita testor George Cockdale, Curat de Clixby overseers churchward. Constable

1642 Talbot Inn built on older foundation

1649    King Charles I executed